Indonesian vs Malaysian Culture
A long time ago Malay people inhabited Malaysian and Indonesian islands. That’s why Malaysian and Indonesian languages are so similar with about 80% of identical vocabulary. However Malaysian language use more Arabic words, and Indonesian - more English and Dutch words because of the years of colonization.
Political System And Social Life
Development of both countries was dependent on colonizers. Malaysia was colonized by British and Indonesia by the Dutch. Therefore Malaysia is federation and constitutional Monarchy. Indonesia is a unitary presidential republic.
Did you know that Indonesia has Ministry of religion with 5 official religions: Islam, Buddhism, Christianity (Protestants and Catholics), Hinduism and Confucianism. And guess what, you have to put your religion in your ID card. And you cannot have different religions or not to have any religion at all.
Malaysia has a Ministry of Unity as well as Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development dealing with women empowerment and reaching gender equality.
Infrastructure And Development
This is makes the biggest difference. Indonesia is a typical rural country. And many out of 17 thousand islands are still untouched by civilization. There is no metro in Indonesia, not many high buildings as well, due to constant seismic activity in the region. The most developed place in Indonesia is tourist paradise - Bali island as well as capital city Jakarta.
Malaysia has well-developed infrastructure, better internet connection, air conditioners everywhere and water heaters in every hostel and house. You could rarely see wet markets in Malaysian cities as well. In Malaysia people are more obedient to rules and have more understanding of interdependent life in the diverse community, probably that’s why usually you won’t see people throwing trash from the car window, that is a usual picture in Indonesia.
In Indonesia streets are narrow, cities are crowded and everybody use motorcycles so traffic you can easily spent few hours in traffic in the big city. If you don’t know how to ride a motorbike, you're life is gonna be very limited in Indonesia.
Malaysia has well-organized public transportation system, as well as cars are the most popular private transport. So it’s much easier to get around and that’s the main reason why usually Malaysians are much more punctual than people in Indonesia.
Food Is Important
From the first glance, food is something life goes around in both countries. People like to eat here and they like to talk about food a lot.
Multiculturalism: Local vs Global
There is around 360 ethnic groups, and around 700 different languages in Indonesia. But everybody can speak state language Bahasa Indonesia, most of Indonesians (85%) are Muslims. People from different ethnic groups have different traditions, customs, they look differently. Still this diversity could be called local as their cultures are relatively similar and usually representatives of this ethnic groups live on certain islands, not moving around much. So you won’t spot so many very different people in one city like you will in Malaysia.
Malaysian society is dramatically diverse combining Chinese, Malays and Indians, Muslims, Christians and Hindus and many expats living together in one country. Although state language is Bahasa Malaysia, English, that is recognized as a business language, is used as everyday language by many.
Edward, Indonesian living in Malaysia:
Malaysians: they really like to go yum cha!! and they mix all languages in their daily conversation: " Ane, mixed rojak satu, dabao ah.."
Indonesians: they really like to talk a lot (they can spend hours talking non-sense).
Both Malaysian and Indonesian societies value obedience to the rules and respect to the older, understanding of the interdependence of each person in the community, representatives of both culture recognize the importance of material possessions and status symbols.
Attitude To Foreigners
Indonesia: Hello Mister, bisa foto-foto?! Bule (pointing at you)! Wow, you are a foreigner, I wanna be your friend, I wanna take a picture with you, oh, wait, selfie is even better! Post on FB, Line or Path and show to all of my friends that I a white guy is my friend. Oh, and if you are a foreigner, you are definitely rich tourist from Germany, France or Australia...
Malaysia: Orang putih? Oh, yea, another foreigner, nice to know you.
The Indonesian nation is one of the happiest on the Planet. People are smiling constantly. They are friendly and helpful. Generally people live simple lives. They are satisfied with the things they have and don’t want to work harder to get more.
Life in Malaysia is different. Because of the greater economic development people have to work harder to have a good life. That’s why probably you won’t see so many smiling people around.